Carrier nouns

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Things, animals or people are nouns. Very few Carrier nouns have a plural form. Nouns do not change when they take on different parts of a sentence. Some examples follow with English on the left, Carrier on the right.

Contents

Examples of nouns

English Carrier Syllabic
mountain dzulh ᙊᒡ
bear sus ᙐᔆ
woman ts'ekoo ᙪᗵ

Examples of nouns with plurals

English Singular Plural
dog lhi
lhikoh
ᘲᗶᑋ
young man chilh
ᘏᐅᓑ ᘍᐣ
chilhukoh
ᘏᐅᓑ ᘋᐣ
mother 'uma
ᐧᐅᘍ
'umakoh
ᐧᐅᘍᗶᑋ

Noun classes

Nouns are classifed according to shape in Carrier. Depending on what shape a noun is, different forms of adjectives (describing words) may be used. An example follows.

denyocho bude dincha
bull moose horns big
goosibai'i bugoos uncha
suckerfish scales big

Horns and scales are different shapes, so different Carrier words are used to translate the English word big.

Nouns with ownership prefixes

Some nouns normally occur with ownership prefixes even though general forms of these nouns exist as well. Words like father, mother and other relatives are in this category as are words for important personal possessions like canoe and words for body parts. Some ownership prefixes follow:

Singular Plural
1st Person su-
-
ne-
-
2nd Person
nyu- ᐣᘐ-
3rd Person bu-
-
hubu-
ᐳᗪ-

Now some examples of words with ownership prefixes:

English my our your his/her their
grandmother su'adoo
ᙐᐧᐊᑌ
ne'adoo
ᘅᐧᐊᑌ
nyu'adoo
ᐣᘐᐧᐊᑌ
bu'adoo
ᗪᐧᐊᑌ
hubu'adoo
ᐳᗪᐧᐊᑌ
mother su'ama
ᙐᐧᐊᘍ
ne'ama
ᘅᐧᐊᘍ
nyu'ama
ᐣᘐᐊᘍ
bu'ama
ᗪᐧᐊᘍ
hubu'ama
ᐳᗪᐧᐊᘍ
great grandfather su'atsiyancho
ᙐᐧᐊᙥᘓᐣᙜ
ne'atsiyancho
ᘅᐧᐊᙥᘓᐣᙜ
nyu'atsiyancho
ᐣᘐᐧᐊᙥᘓᐣᙜ
bu'atsiyancho
ᗪᐧᐊᙥᘓᐣᙜ
hubu'atsiyancho
ᐳᗪᐧᐊᙥᘓᐣᙜ
friend sut'eke
ᙐᗥᗸ
net'eke
ᘅᗥᗸ
nyut'eke
ᐣᘐᗥᗸ
but'eke
ᗪᗥᗸ
hubut'eke
ᐳᗪᗥᗸ
gloves subat
ᙐᗭᐪ
nebat
ᘅᗭᐪ
nyubat
ᐣᘐᗭᐪ
bubat
ᗪᗭᐪ
hububat
ᐳᗪᗭᐪ
coat sudzoot
ᙐᙈᐪ
nedzoot
ᘅᙈᐪ
nyudzoot
ᐣᘐᙈᐪ
budzoot
ᗪᙈᐪ
hubudzoot
ᐳᗪᙈᐪ
stomach subut
ᙐᗪᐪ
nebut
ᘅᗨᐪ
nyubut
ᐣᘐᗨᐪ
bubut
ᗪᗪᐪ
hububut
ᐳᗪᗪᐪ
rib suchak
ᙐᙠᐠ
nechak
ᘅᙠᐠ
nyuchak
ᐣᘐᙠᐠ
buchak
ᗪᙠᐠ
hubuchak
ᐳᗪᙠᐠ
lip sudaba
ᙐᑕᗭ
nedaba
ᘅᑕᗭ
nyudaba
ᐣᘐᑕᗭ
budaba
ᗪᑕᗭ
hubudaba
ᐳᗪᑕᗭ
heart sudzi
ᙐᙌ
nedzi
ᘅᙌ
nyudzi
ᐣᘐᙌ
budzi
ᗪᙌ
hubudzi
ᐳᗪᙌ
trapline sukeyoh
ᙐᗸᘏᑋ
nekeyoh
ᘅᗸᘏᑋ
nyukeyoh
ᐣᘐᗸᘏᑋ
bukeyoh
ᗪᗸᘏᑋ
hubukeyoh
ᐳᗪᗸᘏᑋ
house sukoo
ᙐᗵ
nekoo
ᘅᗵ
nyukoo
ᐣᘐᗵ
bukoo
ᗪᗵ
hubukoo
ᐳᗪᗵ
canoe suts'i
ᙐᙫ
nets'i
ᘅᙫ
nyuts'i
ᐣᘐᙫ
buts'i
ᗪᙫ
hubuts'i
ᐳᗪᙫ
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